The use of death penalty in Belarus is condemned in another resolution
highlighting the death sentences handed down to Dzmitry Kanavalau and
Uladzislau Kavalyou by the Supreme Court on 30 November 2011. It urges
Alyaksandr Lukashenka to pardon both men and to impose a moratorium on all
death sentences and executions with a view to abolishing the death penalty from
the penal system. The two men were sentenced for allegedly committing terrorist
attacks in 2005, 2008 and 2011 in Vitebsk and Minsk, but according to reports
by human rights organisations (FIDH, Human Rights Watch), there are arguments
showing that the trial was unfair and that the investigation was marred by
serious human rights abuses.The executions of the two may be carried out very
Underlining that this "irreversible, cruel, inhumane and degrading punishment,
which violates the right to life", is unacceptable, MEPs deplore the continuing
failure of the Belarusian authorities to take any tangible steps towards
abolishing the death penalty or imposing an immediate moratorium on it. They
reiterate that the European Union and other international institutions have
repeatedly urged the Belarusian authorities to abolish the death penalty.
Finally, they condemn the continuous persecution of human rights defenders and
members of the democratic opposition and the harassment of civil society
activists and the independent media in Belarus for political reasons and demand
the unconditional immediate release of all political prisoners.
Belarus remains the only country in Europe that imposes the death penalty and
still carries out executions.